Teoría del aprendizaje cognoscitivo y social (Albert Bandura, Julian Rotter, Albert Ellis y Walter Mischel). Teoría de la personalidad en perspectiva. Results – of Teorias de la Personalidad (Spanish Edition) by Robert FRAGER; James FADIMAN and a great selection of related books, art and. Quote. Postby Just» Tue Aug 28, am. Looking for julian rotter teoria del aprendizaje social pdf editor. Will be grateful for any help! Top.
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After graduating from CUNY, he worked as a social worker with juvenile delinquents. Albert Bandura Bandura, a Canadian, was a gifted student who graduated from the University of British Columbia, in 3 years. He completed his graduate work in clinical psychology from the University of Iowa in Unlike other theorists, his entire career has been spent at Stanford University. Higher cross-situational consistencies have been found by correlating observer ratings of behavior rather than simple behaviors.
However, the raters themselves may be biased toward seeing consistency. We believe people behave consistently, yet the data indicate low cross-situational consistency.
Mischel argued that our behavior is specific to the context of the situation. It argues that our behavior in a given situation depends on the consequences of our actions rewards, punishments.
When does consistency occur?: When does consistency occur?
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Consistency occurs only when the same behavior is reinforced in a variety of situations or if a person is unable to discriminate among situations Did Mischel disregard traits all together?: Did Mischel disregard traits all together?
The Situational Context of Behavior: The Situational Context of Behavior Mischel sought to develop models of how traits oversimplified explanations of behavior affect behavior in situations. A given trait aggressiveness, cheerfulness influences behavior only under certain conditions.
For example, the trait of aggressiveness will become apparent only under certain conditions when person feels angry or frustrated. Then person may act noticeably different from others low on this trait. Moods, fantasies, plans, etc. These cognitive person variables influence how individuals adapt to the environment.
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We also have encoding strategies ways of interpreting situations that influence how we behave from one situation to the next. Why do we make the error that personality traits are consistent?: Why do we make the error that personality traits are consistent?
Researchers examine personality consistency based on similar behavior across many situations. In contrast, the individual looks for consistency across time in a small number of behaviors that are seen as particularly characteristic prototypical of a given trait. We judge whether a person has a trait extravert based on how much they resemble the prototype, but some are difficult to classify. Expectancies—these are our beliefs that can influence how we behave in a given situation.
Behavior-Outcome expectancies—what will happen if I act in a certain way. Stimulus-Outcome expectancies—What will happen in the world to influence me politics, war, etc. Self-efficacy expectancies—can I actually perform the behavior I want to. It is adaptive for us to learn to delay immediate gratification of small rewards for larger rewards in the future. He found that children could do this if they could keep the rewards out of sight or distract themselves think about something else. Most children master this by 5.
Modeling Bandura believed that social context was critical to personality development. His classic work has advanced the field of aggression within social psychology. Learning theory before Bandura: Learning theory before Bandura Before Bandura, traditional learning theory held a faulty assumption: Bandura had children 3 to 5 years-old watch adults produce aggressive behavior against a Bobo doll.
Bobo Doll Study 1. No-consequences group—kids saw that nothing happened to the adult in the film. Model-Punished group—kids saw that the adult was punished by another adult in the film. Model-Rewarded group—kids saw that the adult was rewarded by another adult in the films verbal praise, food. Bobo Doll study 1.
There was significantly less aggression produced in the Model-Punished group than in the other two groups. Modeling in Adulthood Adults acquire skills by observing others as well.
In one study, female college students were more likely to use a seat belt if the driver did. Therefore, the environment not only causes behavior, but is influenced by behavior. Bandura argues, because those that get things done are effective at self-regulating their behavior.
Self-regulation does not simply mean giving ourselves reinforcements. Make rewards contingent on making subgoals.
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