It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe. The iqṭāʿ system was established in the 9th century ad to relieve the state treasury. The iqtadari was a unique type of land distribution and administrative system evolved during the Sultanate per~od. Under the system, the whole. Meaning of the Iqta system: ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word denoting a sort of administrative regional unit. It is usually considered equivalent to a province. Initially the.

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When the revenue has been realized from them, those subjects should remain secure from any demands of the muqtis in respect of their persons, wealth, families, lands iqtq goods.

Khat, muqaddam and patwari were the main village functionaries.

Iqta System

The demarcation of duties between shiqdars and katwais is not very clear. The revenue collected was to be used to fulfill the obligations to the Sultan who would fix the strength and pay for the troops. A slave was considered by law as property,…. The grants later became nuclei out of which petty principalities grew with the decline of the central power.

The muqtis can’t hold any further claims on them. The muqti was thus a tax collector and army paymaster rolled into one. Explain with at least two examples. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. You as a teacher, critically analyse the implementation issues of Right to Education Act,face by your school.

Administration of India under the Delhi Sultanate

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The office of Muqti was made hereditary and we are told that the salary of the Muqti was also fixed at a higher percentage.


The overarching theme was state power where the iqta was revocable and uninheritable. He was also the commander-in-chief of the military forces.

The variety in the nature and size of Iqta also somewhat diminished as somewhat as Alauddin paid his cavalry troops in cash and not iqtas in order to counter the Mongol threat effectively. Though not an investment in a particular holding of land, the iqta—as a fiscal device—gave soldiers a vested interest in the regime. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.

They had no other right to the subjects apart from the taxes as long as taxes were paid. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The process of centralization as a clear policy was implemented under Balban.

The sultan was the chief law-giver and the final court of appeal. Suggest the ways to resolve these issues. Contrary to most other forms of Iqta, it was hereditary, but the sysem was divided when there were more sons of age.

The muqti was thus a tax collector and army paymaster rolled into one. Sstem was also an official called katwal at the shiq level. The important development was that there was the possibility of retaining part of the surplus for oneself, illegally.

There were two kinds of Iqtas viz.


Iqta System – General Knowledge Today

Name of the School I Teach: The money was used to pay for the landowner’s army, which could be called by the Sultan at any time, making up for a relatively quick mobilisation and highly professional soldiers. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

The Ghurid conquest of North India heralding the establishment of iqat Delhi Sultanate also marked a new process of centralization. They united the Amirs of Persia and reorganized their land into Iqtas, whose borders remained largely similar to the predecessor states.

He also dissolved the Council of Forty – Chahalgani, a form of sharing power between the highest nobles and the king.

Thank you for your feedback. Nizam-ul-Mulk emphasizes an important element in the iqta- muqti’s right to collect and appropriate taxes.


Their accounts were checked by the royal auditors of the dilOan-i-lOizarat. He had a council of trusted advisers, called majlis-i-khaiwat which he consulted on important occasions but he was not bound to accept its decision. The government of the Delhi sultans was a theocracy in the sense that the ruler was subject to the Shariat, the Islamic law. It was just an administrative unit.

dystem In the 13th century, the Delhi Sultanate was divided into a number of military regions, called iqtas. The business of the government was organised in several departments.